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Gd
Gadolinium

History

Gadolinium was discovered by Swiss chemist Jean Charles first Galissarom de Marinyak in 1880. The name was in honor of the French scientist Yuhane Gadolinium. In 1898 the first pure gadolinium was received on.

 
Nowadays


The greatest use of gadolinium obtained nuclear technology. The cross-section of the natural gadolinium is 49 000 barn, which is the biggest value of all items. Its isotope 157 is indeed a record-size: 254 000 barn. Therefore, gadolinium is used in paints, enamels and ceramics used in reactors. In modern society, great importance is also of to the use of gadolinium in the material to the holders of digital information. Gadolinium ferromagnet that can be used in semiconductors. In the end, it is necessary chemicals for receiving low temperature (about 0.0001 degrees Kelvin).

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